Legal/Licence info

The goal of the Spend Network websites ("Spend Network") is to allow anyone to analyse Government purchasing data. We are publishing the data on Spend Network using an open licence wherever possible. This means we want you to use and reuse our data, we encourage you to use the data for journalism, academic research and to link to other open data websites.

We strongly believe in open data, but we are still a business and Spend Network is a profit making enterprise. Spend Network is published by Ticon UK Ltd, a company limited by shares and registered in England under company number 04962733 ("we", "us", "our"). These are the terms on which we make Spend Network website available to you:

We offer free and paid for access to our website and API. If you have agreed to a paid-for use of the website or API, these terms and conditions supplement that contract and, in cases of conflict, the wording of the paid-for contract will take precedence.

Disclaimers and Limitation of Liability

The data on spending, contracts and tenders that is available through Spend Network ("purchasing data") is drawn from many different government sources. In some cases the source data have errors which we have not yet detected and in other cases the data has been provided in very complex and impenetrable formats, which may have given rise to errors in the way it is presented on Spend Network. Therefore we cannot make any promises as to the quality of purchasing data. You use the purchasing data entirely at your own risk.

For this reason, and because Spend Network is made available without charge, we limit our liability as follows:

Spend Network is provided "AS IS" and on an "IS AVAILABLE" basis without any representations or any kind of warranty made (whether express or implied by law) to the extent permitted by law, including the implied warranties of satisfactory quality, fitness for a particular purpose, non-infringement, compatibility, security and accuracy.

Under no circumstances will we be liable for any of the following losses or damage (whether such losses were foreseen, foreseeable, known or otherwise): (a) loss of data; (b) loss of revenue or anticipated profits; (c) loss of business; (d) loss of opportunity; (e) loss of goodwill or injury to reputation; (f) losses suffered by third parties; or (g) any indirect, consequential, special or exemplary damages arising from the use of Spend Network regardless of the form of action.

We do not warrant that functions contained in Spend Network content will be uninterrupted or error free, that defects will be corrected, or that Spend Network or the servers that make it available are free of viruses or bugs.

Your use of Spend Network

Our goal is to make purchasing information widely available and available for reuse, and because of that we not only do not charge for use of the site, we will also provide an API to allow easy access to the underlying data under an open licence in the future. However, we do need to ensure that we can continue to provide the service for the benefit of all, and so need to place certain restrictions on use of site. For example, “scraping” imposes an unreasonable demand on our servers. Therefore you must not scrape the Spend Network website to extract data, and if you wish to make use of purchasing data in bulk, then you should contact us.

For this reason, and others (e.g. abuse, spam, etc), we may have to forbid use of Spend Network in some circumstances. You may not use Spend Network if we have previously forbidden you to do so, nor may you do so on behalf of someone else we have forbidden from using Spend Network. Access to Spend Network in these circumstances may constitute a criminal offence under section 1 of the UK Computer Misuse Act 1990. We will consider prosecuting individuals or companies who access our site when forbidden to do so.

The Spend Network database

Unless otherwise stated, the Spend Network database is licensed under the Open Database Licence. A plain language summary of the ODbL is available on the Open Data Commons website.

We source the information in our databases from government and other sources through a variety of means including: directly from government websites and APIs, from publicly available datasets, or through Freedom of Information requests. We spend a lot of time, effort, and even money in getting this data and turning it into a workable and highly usable resource.

We do not claim any rights over the information we receive from our government sources, and attribute them whenever possible. This is known as the "Contents" in the ODbL licence.

We do however claim rights over our database of this information.

The ODbL requires you to attribute your use of our database. This is important as it allows us (and in turn others with open data projects) to benefit from reuse of our work, and so allows us to continue to provide this service. Use of any data must be accompanied by a hyperlink reading "from Spend Network" and linking to either the Spend Network homepage or the page referring to the information in question. The URLs for our data will be standardised in our forthcoming API and we would expect you to use the precise form.

The attribution must be large and clear enough to be clearly associated with the usage, and must in all cases be no smaller than 70% of the largest font relating to the information or 9px , whichever is the larger. If you are making the information available via your own API you need to make sure your users comply with all these conditions.

Citing us in a report or mentioning the source in a newspaper article you write directly supports our work and allows us to create great databases.

The ODbL also requires you to share any improvements you make to our databases under the ODbL as well. For example, if you combine the information with your own data, the resultant information must be published under the Attribution Share-Alike ODbL. This means that all users can benefit from both of our work on the database.

If you wish to use the database, or part of the database, without one or more of these restrictions, please contact us for a non-share-alike licence.

Tenders Electronic Daily (TED)

Sadly, the European Union has not yet published the TED data openly, and so we are required to limit the use of this data in line with the EU Publication's office licence as follows:

All TED data remains the intellectual property of the EU Publications Office. Any user of the data agrees to the following:

To use the data only for internal information requirements.

Not to disseminate or reuse the data without writen authorisation of the EU Publications Office.

Not to use the data in such a way that may cause loss to either Ticon UK Ltd, Spend Network, or the EU Publications office.

That as a user, you are a customer of Ticon UK Ltd and that any use of the data is for evaluation purposes with a view to furthering our customer / client relationship.

We understand that the EU is concerned to make their publications more open; as soon as we are able, we will publish this data openly.

Licensing your contributions

We have various parts of our website that allow for you to contribute, whether it be comments, text or anything else. When you contribute, you do so on the basis that the contribution is either your own work or is information freely available in the public domain.

You grant us a non-exclusive, worldwide, perpetual and irrevocable licence, with the right to sub-licence, over any intellectual property rights (including copyright and database right) you may have in anything you contribute. So long as we continue to make use of your contribution, we agree to make it available via the world wide web or analogous means under a licence with at most share-alike and attribution restrictions.

Copyright over site content

The content of the site that has been produced or generated by Spend Network is covered by the CreativeCommons Share-Alike By Atrribution licence. This does not cover the database (see above).

Permissions beyond the scope of this licence may be available. Please contact us if you think you may need additional permission.

Site software

Please note that site software for our sites do not fall under this licence or this copyright policy. We often use open-source software, and for more on the software we use, you should visit their respective homepages.

Fair dealing, Fair use, and other exceptions to copyright law:

Some content on this website is presented here as a result of copyright exceptions such as fair dealing, fair use, or other exceptions. Our copyright policy does not cover content used here under these exceptions. As a result, your use of this material may not come under the same legal exception.

We do not restrict your fair use or other copyright exceptions that you may have for our materials covered under this policy.

Content on our site and third party copyright:

It is the policy of this website to respect the copyright of others.

If you see anything that you think shouldn't be here, let us know via

Trade marks

The site copyright licence does not apply to any trade marks, registered or unregistered, used on this site. The site copyright licence also does not apply to any copyright that applies to different elements of a trademark, such as a logo or particular work representing the trade mark.

Use of the names Spend Network or any site logos are not covered by this licence.

If you have any questions, get in touch at

Thank you. The Spend Network team.